The name solar water pump explains all the outstanding attributes of this eco-friendly machine. You need a pump to draw water from a well or underground reservoirs. Solar power pumps use solar energy instead of traditional grid electricity to run the pump. The photovoltaic panels convert solar energy into electric energy. There are different sorts of good solar pumps, each with different characteristics. The solar panels of the pumps capture solar energy and convert it into direct (DC) or alternate (AC) current. The transformed electric current rotates the pump to produce a suction process of water. As the solar pumps operate on solar energy and are not dependent on fossil fuel or grid electricity, it is functional in remote areas.
Current Water Level
A solar panel water pump consists of several ingredients, namely, photovoltaic cells, charge regulator, water pump, well or water body, and fuse box. The best solar well pump kit for you depends on the current water level of the well and on several other factors. If the deepness of the well is trivial or the water level is high, you do not need a robust solar power pump. The next considerable factor is how much pumped water you need. Suppose it is for a kitchen garden, you less powered pump. But if you need water for full-fledged agricultural land, you need a more powerful pump.
Another crucial factor is the amount of sunshine your resident area receives. If it gets plenty of sunlight, you need less power pump. If the area of location receives heavy to moderate rainfall all through the year, you need a more potent solar pump. Considering all the above-mentioned factors buy the solar well pump that satisfies your requirements.
Four Types of Solar Pumps
Primarily there are four types of solar pumps. According to your requirement, select the appropriate model. Select a model that is cast from stainless steel that is perfect for residential and industrial use. Select a model that operates on batteries and solar panels, making it versatile. The water flow rate can vary from nine gallons to forty gallons per minute with a lifting capacity of three hundred ninety feet or hundred and eighteen meters.
Surface pumps are idyllic for shallow water bodies such as ponds, streams, and small reservoirs. The pump is installed on the land, and the internal combustion motor pumps a large quantity of water at a slow speed. This type of pump is effective and eco-friendly for large water surface bodies and is not appropriate for deep water bodies.
Submersible pumps are mostly made from high-quality steel to make them carrion resistant. Some models come with water level sensors and operate autonomously according to the water level. The modern technology and declining price of photovoltaic cells have made solar submersible pumps attractive propositions. Submersible pumps have two variants helical rotor and centrifugal pumps. The first one is used for deep water bodies with low discharge, and the latter for shallow water bodies with high discharge.
AC and DC
The other two types of solar water pumps are DC, where no batteries or inverter is required, and AC is more affordable and effective than DC.